Key Ingredients that help with Skin care

by Sarah Taylor

This year was all about skincare and most people wanted to upgrade their daily routine and finally get the skin they always wished for. Did you decide to also upgrade or start your skincare journey? I am sure you are bewildered  by all  the active ingredients so I am here to introduce you to the greatest and most effective ones that are a must for your routine.


  • Hyaluronic acid(HA)

The classic favourite of all skincare lovers. HA can hold up to 1000 times its molecular  weight in water and penetrates into the skin binding water molecules. Apart from the hydration, HA boosts collagen  and elastin production so it reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, reduces redness and inflammation but also speeds up wound healing. However, the only HA that can penetrate your skin is the one with low molecular weight.  It is suitable for all skin types, can be used both AM and PM and can be mixed with other active ingredients.



  • Niacinamide

 This is not a very popular ingredient but once you introduce it to your skin, you will not be able to live without it! Niacinamide is a form of vitamin B3 and a very gentle ingredient for all skin types. It has hydrating and whitening properties,boosts collagen production,smoothes wrinkles and fine lines, reduces dark spots, protects from oxidative stress and sun damage, regulates oil production, minimizes pore appearance and it is used to treat acne. In other words, niacinamide is the perfect ingredient for every skin concern. You can use it twice a day but do not mix it with vitamin C as it minimizes its effects.


  • Retinol

 This is the anti-ageing superstar! Retinol is a form of vitamin A and it works wonders when it comes to wrinkles. It reduces the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines by speeding up the skin's natural exfoliation and boosting the collagen and elastin production. It is also used to treat acne scars and acne by unclogging the pores. Retinol is the best way to treat the existing wrinkles and fine lines and can reduce their appearance by the first month of use. If you are new to retinol , start by applying it once a week during the night and then every 2 weeks add one more day of retinol use. If you have dry skin, try creating a ''sandwich'' of one layer moisturising cream, one layer retinol and one more layer moisturising cream. Do not mix retinol with acids,benzoyl peroxide and vitamin C. Make sure you always apply your sunscreen( SPF30 at least) as retinol makes your skin photosensitive.



  • Salicylic acid

 It is a BHA and acne-prone skin's favourite. Salicylic acid is the only acid that goes deeper into your skin and unclogs the pores so it reduces the appearance of blackheads and whiteheads but also the chances of acne breakouts.  It exfoliates the skin, has anti-redness and anti-inflammatory properties and used to treat acne. It is not suitable for dry and sensitive skin. Like all the other direct acids, salicylic acid must be a part of your night routine as it makes your skin photosensitive. Do not combine it with other acids,retinol,pure vitamin C and peptides and do not forget your sunscreen after.



  • Vitamin C

 This is the secret to glowing doughnut glazed skin! Vitamin C  is an antioxidant that neutralizes the free radicals  produced due to exposure to UVA light  causing premature ageing and photo-ageing. Also, it  has whitening and anti-inflammatory properties ,boosts collagen production and makes your skin plumper and glowing. The best combination to use is vitamin C,vitamin E and ferulic acid. Both vitamin C and E have antioxidative properties while ferulic acid stabilises them and improves their action. You can use vitamin C both AM and PM and it is suitable for all skin types except sensitive. Do not mix it niacinamide,benzoyl peroxide,acids and retinol. Again, put on your sunscreen!



Choosing the right active ingredients is not some kind of incomprehensible science, it is all about understanding your skin's needs. Once you understand what exactly your needs, you are just one step away from the perfect skin.